Intensification of Rain-Fed Peanut Production in Sudan

Authors:Heidi Nafi, Hala Ezzat

Abstract


The main purpose of this study was to assess the intensification of peanut production in the marginal rain-fed environment of Northern Kordofan, Sudan. The effect of fortification on yield was evaluated in three different experiments. In the first experiment, tissue processing (trapezoidal experiments) was based on an increase in the degree of intensification (from traditional production packages to improved production packages). Complete improved packaging for the stepwise approach includes increased density, new varieties, seed bottoms, micro doses (0.6 g NPK per bag) and coverage. Three levels of coverage and two levels of intensification constitute the second experiment (covering trial), while the third is a farm trial involving 20 farmers who tested two levels of intensification (farm trials). The average yield increase for the terrace test, coverage test and farm test were 75%, 61% and 32%, respectively. The results of the ladder test showed that the gross profit margin of farmers increased by 83% compared with the traditional practice. Farmers with limited resources can increase production by 18% and increase their cash income by 25%. Because farmers have different wealth status, they can choose the low-cost, low-risk component of the technology package, and farmers with more resources can achieve high cash income by adopting a perfect production package. In these experiments, coverage had no significant effect on yield.


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